Optical fiber connectors can be divided into common silicon-based optical fiber single-mode and multi-mode connectors according to different transmission media, and other optical fiber connectors such as plastic as the transmission medium; according to the structure of the connector, it can be divided into: FC , SC, ST, LC, D4, DIN, MU, MT and other forms. Among them, ST connectors are usually used for wiring equipment, such as fiber distribution frames, fiber modules, etc.; while SC and MT connectors are usually used for network equipment. According to the shape of the fiber end face, it is divided into FC, PC (including SPC or UPC) and APC; according to the number of fiber cores, there are single-core and multi-core (such as MT-RJ) points. Optical fiber connectors are widely used and have a wide variety. In the actual application process, we generally distinguish according to the structure of the optical fiber connector. Here are some common fiber optic connectors:
FC type fiber optic connector
This connector was first developed by Japanese NTT. FC is the abbreviation of Ferrule Connector, indicating that its external reinforcement method is a metal sleeve, and the fastening method is a turnbuckle. The earliest, FC type connector, the mating end face of the ceramic pin used is the plane contact method (FC). Such connectors are simple in structure, easy to operate, and easy to manufacture, but the fiber ends are more sensitive to dust, and are prone to Fresnel reflections, making it difficult to improve return loss performance. Later, this type of connector was improved, and the contact pin (PC) with spherical end face was adopted, and the external structure was not changed, which greatly improved the insertion loss and return loss performance.
SC type fiber optic connector
This is a fiber optic connector developed by Japan's NTT company. Its shell is rectangular, and the structure and dimensions of the pins and coupling sleeves used are exactly the same as those of the FC type. Among them, the end face of the pin mostly adopts PC or APC grinding method; the fastening method adopts the plug-in latch type, which does not need to be rotated. This type of connector is inexpensive, easy to plug and unplug, small fluctuation in insertion loss, high compressive strength, and high installation density.
ST and SC interfaces are two types of fiber optic connectors. For 10Base-F connection, the connector is usually ST type, and for 100Base-FX, the connector is mostly SC type. The core of the ST connector is exposed, and the core of the SC connector is inside the connector.